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Wednesday, June 2, 2010

Sound - Multiple Choice Test

Question 1
Question: When a wave travels through a medium ______.
1. particles are transferred from one place to another
2. energy is transferred in a periodic manner
3. energy is transferred at a constant speed
4. none of the above statements is applicable
Answer: 3

Question 2
Question: The minimum distance between the source and the reflector, so that an echo is heard is approximately equal to ______.
1. 10 m
2. 17 m
3. 34 m
4. 50 m
Answer: 2
Question 3
Question: Bats detect the obstacles in their path by receiving the reflected ______.
1. infrasonic waves
2. radio waves
3. electro-magnetic waves
4. ultrasonic waves
Answer: 4
Question 4
Question: When sound travels through air, the air particles ______.
1. vibrate along the direction of wave propagation
2. vibrate but not in any fixed direction
3. vibrate perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation
4. do not vibrate
Answer: 1
Question 5
Question: The relation between wave velocity 'v', frequency 'f ', and wavelength 'l' is ______.
Answer: 3
Question 6
Question: The frequency of a wave travelling at a speed of 500 ms-1 is 25 Hz. Its time period will be ______.
1. 20 s
2. 0.05 s
3. 25 s
4. 0.04 s
Answer: 4
Question 7
Question: The amplitude of a wave is ______.
1. the distance the wave moves in one second
2. the distance the wave moves in one time period of the wave
3. the maximum distance moved by the medium particles on either side of the mean position
4. the distance equal to one wave length
Answer: 3
Question 8
Question: Which of the following is not a characteristic of a musical sound?
1. Pitch
2. Wavelength
3. Quality
4. Loudness
Answer: 2
Question 9
Question: Sound waves do not travel through
1. solids
2. liquids
3. gases
4. vacuum
Answer: 4
Question 10
Question: The physical quantity, which oscillates in most waves, is
1. mass
2. energy
3. amplitude
4. wavelength
Answer: 3
Question 11
Question: Sound waves are
1. longitudinal
2. transverse
3. partly longitudinal and partly transverse
4. sometimes longitudinal and so2. 2l
metimes transverse
Answer: 1
Question 12
Question: The frequency which is not audible to the human ear is
1. 50 Hz
2. 500 Hz
3. 5000 Hz
4. 50000 Hz
Answer: 4
Question 13
Question: The speed of sound in medium depends upon
1. amplitude
2. frequency
3. wavelength
4. properties of the medium
Answer: 4
Question 14
Question: Which of the following will remain unchanged when a sound wave travels in air or in water?
1. Amplitude
2. Wavelength
3. Frequency
4. Speed
Answer: 3
Question 15
Question: A sound source sends waves of 400 Hz. It produces waves of wavelength 2.5 m. The velocity of sound waves is
1. 100 m/s
2. 1000 m/s
3. 10000 m/s
4. 3000 km/s
Answer: 2
Question 16
Question: The time period of a vibrating body is 0.05 s. The frequency of waves it emits is
1. 5 Hz
2. 20 Hz
3. 200 Hz
4. 2 Hz
Answer: 2
Question 17
Question: A source of frequency of 500 Hz emits waves of wavelength 0.4 m, how long does the waves take to travel 600 m?
1. 3 s
2. 6 s
3. 9 s
4. 12 s
Answer: 1
Question 18
Question: Sound and light waves both
1. have similar wavelength
2. obey the laws of reflection
3. travel as longitudinal waves
4. travel through vacuum
Answer: 2
Question 19
Question: The method of detecting the presence, position and direction of motion of distant objects by reflecting a beam of sound waves is known as _____.
1. RADAR
2. SONAR
3. MIR
4. CRO
Answer: 2
Question 20
Question: The technique used by bats to find their way or to locate food is _______.
1. SONAR
2. RADAR
3. Echolocation
4. Flapping
Answer: 3
Question 21
Question: An ultrasonic wave is sent from a ship towards the bottom of the sea. It is found that the time interval between the sending and receiving of the wave is 1.6 s. What is the depth of the sea, if the velocity of sound in the seawater is 1400 m/s?
1. 1120 m
2. 560 m
3. 1400 m
4. 112 m
Answer: 1
Question 22
Question: An example for mechanical wave.
1. Radio wave
2. Light wave
3. Infrared radiation
4. Sound wave
Answer: 4
Question 23
Question: Which of the following quantities is transferred during wave propagation?
1. Speed
2. Mass
3. Matter
4. Energy
Answer: 4
Question 24
Question: If a vibrator strikes the water 10 times in one second, then the frequency of wave is _________.
1. 10 Hz
2. 0.5 Hz
3. 5 Hz
4. 0.1 Hz
Answer: 1
Question 25
Question: Unit of wavelength is __________.
1. newton
2. erg
3. dyne
4. angstrom
Answer: 4
Question 26
Question: The distance between a compression and the next rarefaction of a longitudinal wave is __________.
2cm
Answer: 2
Question 27
Question: SI Unit of time period is __________.
1. second
2. hour
3. minute
4. nanosecond
Answer: 1
Question 28
Question: The vibrations or the pressure variations inside the inner ear are converted into electrical signals by the_________.
1. cochlea
2. tympanic membrane
3. pinna
4. anvil
Answer: 1
Question 29
Question: Vibrations inside the ear are amplified by the three bones namely the _________ in the middle ear.
1. hammer, anvil and stirrup
2. hammer, anvil and pinna
3. hammer, cochlea and stirrup
4. auditory bone, anvil and stirrup
Answer: 1
Question 30
Question: The persistence of audible sound due to the successive reflections from the surrounding objects even after the source has stopped to produce that sound is called _________.
1. reflection
2. echo
3. reverberation
4. rarefaction
Answer: 3
Question 31
Question: A sound wave is a pressure wave; regions of high (compressions) and low pressure (rarefactions) are established as the result of the vibrations of the sound source. These compressions and rarefactions result because sound
1. is more dense than air and thus has more inertia, causing the bunching up of sound.
2. waves have a speed which is dependent only upon the properties of the medium.
3. is like all waves; it is able to bend into the regions of space behind obstacles.

4. is able to reflect off fixed ends and interfere with incident wavesvibrates longitudinally; the longitudinal movement of air produces pressure fluctuations.
Answer: 4

Question 32
Question:Two notes which have a frequency ratio of 2:1 are said to be separated by an octave. A frequency which is separated by an octave from middle C (256 Hz) is
1. 128 Hz
2. 254 Hz
3. 258 Hz
4. 354 Hz
5. Non of these
Answer: 1
Question 33
Question:A mosquito's buzz is often rated with a decibel rating of 40 dB. Normal conversation is often rated at 60 dB. How many times more intense is normal conversation compared to a mosquito's buzz?
1.  2
2. 20
3. 100
4. 200
5. 400
Answer: 3. 100 times (Normal conversation is 20 dB more intense. This 20 db difference corresponds to a 2-Bel difference. This difference is equivalent to a sound which is 102 more intense. Always raise 10 to a power which is equivalent to the difference in "Bels.")

2 comments:

toto eslam said...

well that was not that helpful but thank you

toto eslam said...

well that was not that helpful but thank you

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